Learn English while learning about daily life in Australia, with Rob McCormack
Podcast Number 24 – Public Holidays in Australia
Like working people everywhere, Australians love to take a holiday. In addition to our 4 weeks annual leave every year for those who are employed, we also have some public holidays. On these days, government offices and most businesses are closed. In this podcast, I would like to tell you about these public holidays. In most cases, they occur on a Monday or a Friday, so that we get a ‘long weekend’. Everybody loves a long weekend. You can sleep in or you can do something special with your family or friends.
The public holidays in Australia vary a little from State to State. I live in Victoria, so I will tell you about the public holidays we get here.
I’ll start at the beginning of the year.
New Year’s Day, the 1st of January, is the first public holiday. It’s a good thing that it’s a holiday, because many people celebrate New Year’s Eve the previous evening and often don’t get to bed until 3 or 4 o’clock in the morning. New Year’s Day can be quiet for that reason, although lots of people still use it to enjoy themselves and go on an outing.
Our next public holiday is Australia Day, the 26th of January. Australia Day is our national day to celebrate being Australian. The 26th of January was the day in 1788 when Europeans first arrived to settle in Australia, at Sydney Cove, which is now called Sydney Harbour. They arrived in a fleet of 11 sailing ships from England. These ships actually carried around 700 convicts. You see, when Australia was first settled by Europeans, it was used as a place to send convicts. But that’s another story. Today, on this day in January we celebrate everything about Australia. One of the traditional things which Australians do on this day is to have a barbeque. It is almost always warm on this day as it is the middle of summer, so I have some good memories of Australia Day.
Labour Day is the next public holiday and it happens in Melbourne on the second Monday of March every year. Originally, this holiday celebrated the achievement of the eight hour working day for the workers. It was called the Eight Hour Day holiday and from 1879, this day had colourful marches in the city and other Victorian towns to celebrate the achievement of the eight hour working day. From the 1950’s, the celebrations changed and became known as ‘The Moomba Festival’ in Melbourne. This festival is now a great celebration of Melbourne and it’s multi-cultural life. The festival goes for four days, including a large and colourful parade through the city on the Monday Labour Day holiday. It is a great time to visit Melbourne and the weather is usually very pleasant at that time of year.
The next public holidays are for Easter in March or April. Good Friday and Easter Monday are holidays in Australia, making it a four day holiday weekend. Easter is a Christian religious festival which celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Christians attend church services on Good Friday and Easter Sunday. For most Australians, Easter is also a time to celebrate family life and give each other chocolate Easter eggs. Sometimes, especially with children, this is turned into a fun search for Easter eggs, not only in the house but also in the garden. When our children were young, my wife and I had great fun hiding the colourfully wrapped chocolate Easter eggs in the house and the garden. Our children then had to search to find them. They loved it.
The next public holiday is ANZAC day, which is always the 25th of April. This is the day when Australians remember their war veterans and those Australians who died in wars. All around the country, veterans march in parades with lots of flags and marching bands.
The next public holiday is for the Queen’s birthday. Queen Elizabeth is our head of state, although her role is only ceremonial. That means that she doesn’t have a role in government decision making. Her actual birthday is the 21st April, however it is always celebrated in June, on the second Monday. There are no public events on this day, so many Australians just enjoy the ‘long weekend’.
Another special public holiday in Victoria is Melbourne Cup Day – the first Tuesday in November. This is the day when the Melbourne Cup horse race is held at Flemington racecourse in Melbourne. This is Australia’s most famous horse race. It was first run in 1861, and in 2012 the winner’s prize money was $3.6 million. Now that’s a horse race worth winning. The Melbourne Cup is often called ‘the race that stops a nation’, because just about everybody in Australia watches it on TV. This a great event that Australians love and it deserves a podcast of its own, which I will do in the future.
The last two public holidays are Christmas Day, the 25th of December and Boxing Day, which is the 26th of December. Christmas Day celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, however it has also become the most popular day in Australia for celebrating family life. For most Australians, Christmas is all about lots of good food, giving of gifts and getting together with your family members.
That covers the public holidays here in Victoria. Now that I am retired, every day is a public holiday for me, and that’s the way I like it.
If you have a question or a comment to make, please leave it by clicking the comments link at the top of this story. You can leave your comment in English or in any language and I will translate it. Or, you can send me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would love to hear from you. Tell me where you live, a little bit about yourself and what you think of my Slow English podcast. Perhaps you could suggest a topic for a future podcast. If you would like to take a short quiz to see if you have understood this podcast, you will also find it on my website. Goodbye until next time.
Podcast 24 Quiz - Did you understand the podcast?
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Question 1 of 10
True or False? On a public holiday, government offices and most businesses are closed.Correct
Question 2 of 10
True or False? – A long weekend means that you must go to work on Monday.Correct
Question 3 of 10
True or False? – Australia Day is the national day when Australians celebrate being Australian.Correct
Question 4 of 10
True or False? – Australians celebrate Australia Day in the middle of winter.Correct
Question 5 of 10
True or False? – Labour Day became known as Moomba Day in the 1950’s.Correct
Question 6 of 10
True or False? – Searching for Easter eggs on the Easter holiday is something that children like to do.Correct
Question 7 of 10
True or False? – Rob and his wife used to hide chocolate Easter eggs only in the house.Correct
Question 8 of 10
True or False? – On the Queen’s Birthday, Australians celebrate with marching bands and a parade.Correct
Question 9 of 10
True or False? – The Melbourne Cup is Australia’s most famous horse race with the winner receiving $3.6 million in 2012.Correct
Question 10 of 10
True or False? – Christmas Day is a time when Australians celebrate family life.Correct
achievement = when something is achieved or completed
annual leave = your holidays every year
ANZAC = Australian and New Zealand Army Corp – Australians and New Zealanders who fought in WW1
beginning = the start
birth = when you are born
businesses = they sell products and services
celebrate = to be with your friends or family and be happy about something.
chocolate = a dark coloured sweet made from cocoa beans
Christian religious festival = a celebration of the Christian religion. For example, Easter
convicts = people who have committed a crime. They go to jail
deserves = when something is worthy or right
employed = to be working for a company
Europeans = people who come from Europe
festival = when everyone celebrates something
fleet = a group of ships or boats
gifts = something which you give to someone else, for no payment
government offices = places where government workers work
hiding = when something is put somewhere so that it can’t be seen
In addition = to add more
marches = when a group of people walk together down the middle of the street
marching bands = a group of musicians who play music while they are walking along
memories = when you remember things you did in the past
multi-cultural = from many cultures
nation = country
national = when it applies to the whole nation or country
originally = some time ago
outing = to go out somewhere for fun
parade = when people walk down the middle of the street, usually dressed up
pleasant = when something is nice
previous evening = the end of yesterday
public holidays = holidays which everyone has
racecourse = a place where horses race
resurrection = to come alive again after you have died
retired = when you are older and no longer working.
settle = to go somewhere and stay there
sleep in = to get out of bed late in the morning
traditional = something which has been done for a long time
vary = to change
war veterans = people who have been soldiers in a war
wrapped = when you put paper around something