Learn English while learning about daily life in Australia, with Rob McCormack
Podcast Number 100 – Languages in Australia
As I previously discussed in Podcast 60, Australia is a multicultural nation with people who have migrated from all over the world to make their lives here. Our history of European settlement shows that, at least up until the Second World War, almost all our immigrants came from Great Britain and Ireland. Therefore, it is no wonder that English became the main spoken language in Australia. Since the Second World War, we have had migrants from many non-English speaking countries as well. In this podcast, I would like to talk a little about what languages are spoken in Australia and how people go about learning English, if that is not their first language.
One always thinks of Australia as an English speaking nation. This is of course correct. It’s interesting to look at the results of the 2016 census. In total, around 90% of people living in Australia can speak English. But some of these people can also speak another language. This is usually because they were born in a non-English speaking country and have learned to speak English as a second language, usually after arriving in Australia. Furthermore, many of the children of these migrants, although born in Australia, have also learned the first language of their parents, as well as English. All up, our 2016 census shows that around 17% of Australians can speak one other language, plus English well. That leaves around 73% of Australians who can speak only English. Around 4% can’t speak much English at all and around 6% did not complete that part of the census.
The 2016 census also shows us that around 21% of Australians live in a household where the main language spoken at home is not English. Of course, some of these people can speak English as well. It’s just that, in their homes, they speak something else. So which languages are they? Well, Mandarin is the most common, with 2.55% of people, then Arabic (1.37%), followed by Cantonese (1.20%), Vietnamese (1.19%), Italian (1.16%), Greek (1.02%) and Filipino (0.78%). The list doesn’t stop there. The full list is around 91 languages, besides English, which are spoken in households in Australia.
In my opinion, it’s a great pity that the average Australian speaks only English. In the European Union for example, over 50% of people can speak at least 2 languages. In fact, around 38% can speak English. In my travels to parts of Europe, I have been greatly impressed by the English language skills of the local people. In Norway for example, we found it quite common that the supermarket workers operating the cash register could speak some English. In a Swiss Post Office in one small town, we met a lady behind the counter who could speak 5 languages – German, Italian, English, Romansh and French. Such skills are very rare in the average Australian. I think the fact that we are an island has played a part in this, to some extent. Since European settlement over 200 years ago, there has been no need for us to interact regularly with other language speakers on our borders, therefore we have become, mostly, a one language nation.
I think it must be very hard for someone in Australia if they don’t speak English. English is almost universally used in the workplace, by service providers both government and private, in the media and in business. Of course you can often find assistance in another language, especially when seeking assistance from government departments. There is also our multicultural broadcaster SBS which provides some programming in foreign languages. But in everyday life, not being able to speak English in Australia is really going to make life hard. It’s not such a problem for non-English speaking tourists because they probably don’t need much English in order to enjoy a great holiday here. Also, tourism companies know how to make things easy for tourists. That is not the same as living in a country. That’s when English really is needed.
As a result, new migrants to Australia are encouraged and supported to learn English. The Australian government has a program called the Adult Migrant English Program, or AMEP for short. For full and accurate details about this government program, you should visit the website for the Department of Education and Training, at https://www.education.gov.au/adult-migrant-english-program-0. I will provide only a brief summary here of some of the key points.
The program is free to eligible migrants and refugees and offers up to 510 hours of tuition to help them learn English, so they can live and work effectively in Australia. You can take either a Pre-employment English course, which will help you learn the English you need to work in a job, or you can take a Social English course, for those who are wanting to learn the English you need for day to day living. Eligible migrants must register for their course within 6 months of arriving in Australia, must commence the course within 12 months and they then have 5 years to complete their course.
The course can be delivered by different methods, depending on the location and the needs of the participant. For example, you can take classroom tuition, including part time and full time study during the day or evenings if available. For some locations there is even child care available for those with pre-school children. Alternatively, you can learn by distance education, where you are given a package of learning materials to work on at home, or alternatively using online materials. In addition, you speak with your teacher regularly on the phone or via the internet. I am very familiar with this style of learning, as I completed my Masters degree using this method. Finally, it may be possible to have a trained volunteer come to your home and work with you one on one on your English. This is called the Home Tutor Scheme.
For children of school age, there are special English school programs which help prepare them prior to entering the normal school system. These courses vary from state to state.
As I have mentioned in previous podcasts, I know what it is like to be learning a new language. I have been learning German for some years now and it is hard work. I try to use as many different methods of learning as possible, and importantly I try to find opportunities to speak the language. For me, that means finding German speakers who I can practise with. For migrants who are learning English in Australia, the best learning would happen when they are speaking English with ordinary Australians as they go about their daily living – in the shops, on public transport, at local sporting events, at work – wherever they can practise their English. That’s when English becomes real and that’s when the best language learning happens.
If you have a question or a comment to make, please leave it in the comments box at the bottom of this page. Or, you can send me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would love to hear from you. Tell me where you live, a little bit about yourself and what you think of my Slow English podcast. I will write back to you, in English of course. If you would like to take a short quiz to see if you have understood this podcast, you will also find it on my website. Goodbye until next time.
Podcast 100 Quiz - Did you understand the podcast?
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If you got all the questions right, well done! If you got some questions wrong, don’t worry. It’s normal for language learners to take time to develop their understanding.
Question 1 of 10
True or False? – Prior to the Second World War, almost all immigrants to Australia came from Great Britain and Ireland.Correct
Question 2 of 10
True or False? – Some Australians can speak a language other than English because they were born in another country.Correct
Question 3 of 10
True or False? – Around 17% of Australians can speak a second language, plus English.Correct
Question 4 of 10
True or False? – In those Australian households which do not speak English, the most popular language is Vietnamese.Correct
Question 5 of 10
True or False? – Rob thinks that the people in European countries are very good at learning second languages.Correct
Question 6 of 10
True or False? – Australia’s multicultural broadcaster SBS makes it easy to live in Australia if you can’t speak English.Correct
Question 7 of 10
True or False? – If you are an eligible migrant in Australia, it costs only a small amount of money to learn English.Correct
Question 8 of 10
True or False? – It is possible for an eligible migrant in Australia to learn English online, with support from a teacher by phone or via the internet.Correct
Question 9 of 10
True or False? – It is not possible for an eligible migrant in Australia to have an English tutor come to their home to help them learn English.Correct
Question 10 of 10
True or False? – Rob thinks that the best language learning happens when you can speak English with the local people as you go about your daily living.Correct
accurate = when there are no mistakes or errors
alternatively = another way, a different way
arriving = to go to a place and reach your end point
assistance = help
besides = as well as
border = the line between two countries
broadcaster = a company or organization which sends out television programs. Can also be a person
cash register = the place where the money is kept, in a shop
census = once every 5 years in Australia, all the people are counted and information about them is collected – this is called the census.
commence = start
counter = a table or bench in a shop, which the worker stands behind
delivered = given
eligible = when you are allowed to have something which other people are not allowed to have
encouraged = when you tell someone that they should do something
European settlement = when people came from Europe to live in Australia, starting in 1788
events = special things that happen. For example, a football match or a music festival
first language = the language you learn first as a baby, your mother tongue
foreign = from another land
furthermore = in addition, as well
go about = to organize, to arrange
government departments = parts of the government which do things for people
household = a family living in one house
immigrants = people who go to another country to live
impressed = when you think something is very good
interact = to talk to, to trade with
it is no wonder = it is expected, it is not surprising
languages = how people talk to one another
local = nearby
locations = places
Masters degree = a higher degree or award from a university
media = television, newspapers, radio, podcasts, social media
migrated = when a person has gone to live in another country
multicultural = when you have people from many different countries living together
nation = country. For example, Australia, Germany, China, etc
operating = when you make a machine work or run
opportunities = times when you can choose to do something you want to do
participant = someone who has joined a class or activity
pity = when you are sad that something has not happened
practise = to do something over and over again, in order to get better
Pre-employment = before you start a job
prior = earlier
provide = give
public transport = buses, trains, trams
rare = not very common
refugees = people who have left their country because their lives are in danger
register = to give your name, showing that you want to do something
Scheme = an arrangement, a program
service providers = people or companies who do things for you, sometimes the government
state = a region in Australia with its own government. For example, Victoria, New South Wales
summary = to tell you the main points about something
supported = helped
to some extent = partly
tourism = the activities around helping tourists to have good holidays
trained volunteer = someone who works for free, but who has learned the skills needed
tuition = instruction, teaching
Tutor = teacher
universally = in all cases, at all times
vary = change