Learn English while learning about daily life in Australia, with Rob McCormack
Podcast Number 11 – Skin Cancer in Australia
Australia is a great place to live. Despite that, there are some diseases in Australia which are caused by our climate and our active outdoor lifestyle. One of those diseases is skin cancer. In this podcast, I would like to tell you a little bit about this disease in Australia, what causes it and how Australians are now changing their lifestyle in order to reduce it.
Australia has the highest rate of skin cancer of any country in the world. Two out of three Australians will be diagnosed with some type of skin cancer before they reach the age of 70.
There are three main types of skin cancer and only one of them is serious. Luckily, the serious type is not very common. The three main types of cancer are basal cell carcinoma (called BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (called SCC) and melanoma. The third type of cancer, melanoma, can be very serious and can lead to death if it is not treated early. The first two types of cancer (called non-melanoma skin cancers) are not dangerous and cannot lead to death. However, they still must be treated.
Non-melanoma cancers are the most common types of skin cancer. In Australia, about 430,000 cases of these skin cancers are diagnosed and treated each year. They usually develop in people who are over 40 years of age. Melanoma is the cancer Australians worry about most. In Australia, there are more than 10,300 cases of melanoma diagnosed and treated every year. Melanoma can develop even in young people.
What causes skin cancer? Well it’s quite simple really. The answer is too much exposure to ultraviolet light. That comes from too much exposure to intense sunlight or through the use of tanning machines in a Solarium. Australia has lots of sun and our lifestyle means we are often out in the sun having fun. For example, we like to go to the beach in the summer and to go outdoors for such activities as swimming, camping, bush walking, picnics, barbeques and watching and playing sports. What is more, we like to do these things in the heat of the day.
Since the 1980s, Australian governments have been educating Australians that skin cancer can be prevented. Again, it’s quite simple. The answer is to protect your skin from the sun, especially when the sun is most dangerous during the middle of the day. You protect your skin by wearing protective clothing when outside (such as a long sleeve shirt), using a sunscreen lotion or spray and always wearing a hat when outside, especially during summer.
The government advertisement from 1980 gave the message Slip, Slop, Slap. Slip on a shirt, slop on sunscreen and slap on a hat.
I am 60 years of age now, but when I was a boy growing up in a seaside town in the 1950s and 1960s, nobody knew about the dangers of skin cancer. We went to the beach most days in the summer and never wore a hat, nor a shirt and never used sunscreen lotion. I can remember many times laying in bed with my skin red, burned and painful from a long day at the beach. Now that I am 60 years old, my skin is damaged and I have had many small non-melanoma skin cancers removed from my skin. One on my nose was so large that I had to have a skin graft after it was removed. The doctor performed an operation where he removed the skin cancer from my nose and replaced it with skin from behind my ear (a skin graft).
Today, all Australians are well educated about how to prevent sun damage to their skin. If you drive past a school in Australia, all the children playing outside will have a wide brimmed hat on. That’s a good thing. I hope that our children will grow up to have fewer skin cancers than I have had. It means that we can still enjoy the great outdoor life here in Australia, but by being careful, we can ensure we don’t get skin cancers as we get older.
If you have a question or a comment to make, please leave it by clicking the comments link at the top of this story. You can leave your comment in English or in any language and I will translate it. Or, you can send me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would like to hear any suggestions you may have. I would especially like your suggestions for podcast topics. Goodbye until next time.
Podcast 11 Quiz - Did you understand the podcast?
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If you got all the questions right, well done! If you got some questions wrong, don’t worry. It’s normal for language learners to take time to develop their understanding.
Question 1 of 10
True or False? – Australia’s climate and active outdoor lifestyle can cause skin cancer.Correct
Question 2 of 10
True or False? – There are a few other countries which have a higher rate of skin cancer than Australia.Correct
Question 3 of 10
True or False? – There are 3 main types of skin cancer and two of these are very dangerous.Correct
Question 4 of 10
True or False? – Non-melanoma skin cancers develop mostly in Australians who are older than 40 years.Correct
Question 5 of 10
True or False? – Every year in Australia, there are about 430,000 cases of Melanoma.Correct
Question 6 of 10
True or False? – Skin cancer can be caused by too much exposure to intense sunlight or through the use of tanning machines in a solarium.Correct
Question 7 of 10
True or False? – To help prevent skin cancer, you should protect your skin from the sun, especially during the hottest part of the day.Correct
Question 8 of 10
True or False? – Wearing a short sleeve shirt is a good idea in the middle part of a hot day in Australia.Correct
Question 9 of 10
True or False? – When Rob was young, he always wore a hat as protection from the sun.Correct
Question 10 of 10
True or False? – In Australia today, children are taught about the dangers of skin cancer.Correct
active = when you do a lot of things, especially outside
advertisement = a message which tells you to do something. For example, a TV advertisement
camping = when you live out in the open, usually in a tent
climate = the weather
common = when lots of people have it or do it
dangerous = when you might be hurt, or get very sick or even die.
despite = when something is not expected.
diagnosed = when a doctor finds that you have a disease or sickness
diseases = sicknesses. For example, cancer or a cold.
educating = when you learn something
exposure = when your body is not covered and light can shine on it. Usually not a good thing
intense = when something is very strong
lifestyle = how you live
prevented = when something is stopped
protective = something that protects you from something else. For example, clothes protect you from the sun
serious = when something must be treated or you might die
Solarium = a place where you can go to use tanning machines to make your skin go brown
sunscreen lotion = something you spread on your skin. It stops you from getting sunburn
tanning machines = special light machines which make your skin go brown
treated = when a doctor helps you get well again
ultraviolet = the part of sunlight that can damage your skin
wide brimmed hat = a hat which is very wide. It keeps the sun off your face.
worry = when people think about something a lot, something they don’t like
March 22, 2016 at 5:36 pm
I will do not tired to tell again and again that your podcasts are great! Thank you very much for your time and good quality job!
I am living in the Far East of Russia and I want to say you that sun here is different than for example in Indonesia where I was last month. Here I have to be on sun for get suntan much longer than in Indonesia. My best friend lives in Australia in Cairns. He always forced me wearing a hat (I am bald and I like when my head is brown :-)) And he had a skin cancer too. In Russia climate is cold and we missing sun that is why russians like to lay on sun long time for getting brown skin. But the knowledge you gave helps me to protect myself and my close friends. Thank you very much! And now is my question. I see that my speaking skills are bad. I know that the best way to improve it is speak as more as possible. But I have no an opportunity because in my place of living there is not English speaking people. What do you think if I will study your podcasts by heart can it helps me?
March 22, 2016 at 9:29 pm
Many thanks for your very kind comment. Yes, even in Russia too much sun is a bad thing. Regarding your question, yes it is hard to practice your English if there are no English speakers nearby. I have a suggestion for you. I am doing online Skype lessons for my German and I find it really helpful. I get to speak one on one with a native German-speaking teacher for 1 hour each week using Skype and that is a lot of speaking. It is not that expensive either. You could do the same with English. There is a website called http://www.verbling.com where you can find teachers. For example, I looked on Verbling and found this English teacher who speaks Russian. https://www.verbling.com/teachers/horatio. His hourly rate is also very good I think. There are other teachers there too who you might like to check out. While learning phrases from my podcasts would be helpful, it’s not really a substitute for actually speaking English with a real person. I hope you find this suggestion useful.
Thanks again for your message – I really appreciate it.
Have a great day.
April 11, 2019 at 7:25 pm
A cheaper alternative is Justlearn.
April 11, 2019 at 9:32 pm
Thanks for your comment. There are certainly a number of sites where you can select a tutor for online lessons. I have not used http://www.Justlearn.com but I am sure it offers good value online lessons. Another I have used in http://www.preply.com. A google search will soon give a list of good sites to explore.
December 12, 2014 at 6:26 am
In Spain we have also a lot of sun, specially in Andalucia, where I live, but we are not so conscious about its risks. Anyway I think we have less prevalence because we are “darker” skinned.
My kids enjoy your podcasts. Congratulations for your work and thanks a lot.
Greetings from Jerez de la Frontera
December 12, 2014 at 8:47 am
Thanks for your message. It is interesting that skin cancer is not such a problem in Andalucia. You could be right that many people in Australia have very fair skin, so we suffer more from sun damage.
I am glad that your children like my podcast. I think most of my listeners are adults, so it’s great to think there are some children listening too.
Have a great day.