Learn English while learning about daily life in Australia, with Rob McCormack
Podcast Number 106 – The Macquarie Dictionary
In Australia we speak standard English. There are however some minor differences in the English spoken by Australians, compared to other English speakers. These differences have come from our unique history as a nation of migrants and also from the many languages of the indigenous people of Australia, whose history goes back tens of thousands of years in Australia. As a result, there are some English words and phrases which you will hear only in Australia.
We have developed a dictionary here which includes, not only all the words of standard English, but also all those unique words and phrases used by Australians. It is our national dictionary and is called The Macquarie Dictionary, the dictionary of Australian English. In this podcast, I would like to tell you a little about it.The Macquarie Dictionary was first published in 1981. The development of a dictionary of Australian English first started around 1970.
It started as a project lead by Professor Arthur Delbridge at Macquarie University in Sydney. His team aimed to produce a full dictionary of English, but one which also included all those special and unique words which only Australians used. Such a dictionary did not exist at the time. One of the team members was a research assistant named Susan Butler. She remained with the team over the years and eventually became the editor, from 2005 until 2018, when she retired after 48 years working on the dictionary.
The team started by using the list of English words from the 1971 Encyclopedic World Dictionary published by the British company Hamlyn. Firstly, they removed some words not relevant to Australian English. Then they redefined some words which had a slightly different meaning in Australia and then began adding new words which were distinctly Australian. They found these words in Australian books, in radio and television broadcasts and by asking Australians to send them lists of Australian words. They also asked specialists in areas such as chemistry, music, education, languages and many others, to assist in reviewing and providing specialist words which were uniquely Australian. The dictionary also included words which were only used in a certain area or states of Australia, such as ‘middy’, which is the name of a glass of beer, used in Perth and Sydney.
After helping to get the project started, their first publisher then decided not to proceed. Luckily, an Australian book publisher and business man, Kevin Weldon, agreed to publish the dictionary. He established a company called Macquarie Library Pty Ltd which publishes the dictionary. Initially, they were hoping that they could sell 50,000 copies in their first year. However, the book was very well accepted by Australians and they sold 50,000 copies in their first 3 months of publication. So right from the start, the dictionary was a success. Following that success, other variants of the dictionary were published in order to meet the different needs of its users. These included the Compact Macquarie (the smallest version), the Concise Macquarie (a bigger version) and also a thesaurus.
The Macquarie Thesaurus is something I have used a lot in my career as a teacher, in my university studies later in life, and also as a writer. I bought my copy in the mid-1980s and I can remember my great joy at exploring the book looking for all those Australian slang terms with which I was familiar. I was always able to find the word in the Macquarie Thesaurus, along with a whole list of synonyms which I could use as a replacement.
Nowadays you can buy a range of Macquarie Dictionary books as well as the complete dictionary. For example, as well as the 3 hardback dictionaries (Compact, Concise and the complete dictionary itself), you can buy paperback versions, little versions with fewer entries, spelling workbooks for school students and budget versions of the dictionary if low price is important.
Of course, languages change over time, with new words and phrases coming into use. The Macquarie Dictionary has had several major updates in the form of new Editions. It is now up to the 7th Edition, which came out in 2017.
You can also use the Macquarie Dictionary Online. It’s cheaper than buying a hard copy version and it gets updated every six months.
I am not surprised that the Macquarie Dictionary has been successful in Australia. It’s a wonderful resource for anyone who has an interest in Australian English. It’s not only great for improving your word knowledge and usage, but importantly the Macquarie Dictionary helps to explain, through documenting and recording our Australian English, exactly who we are as Australians.
If you have a question or a comment to make, please leave it in the comments box at the bottom of this page. Or, you can send me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would love to hear from you. Tell me where you live, a little bit about yourself and what you think of my Slow English podcast. I will write back to you, in English of course. If you would like to take a short quiz to see if you have understood this podcast, you will also find it on my website. Goodbye until next time.
Podcast 106 Quiz - Did you understand the podcast?
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If you got all the questions right, well done! If you got some questions wrong, don’t worry. It’s normal for language learners to take time to develop their understanding.
Question 1 of 10
True or False? – Australian English is standard English with some minor differences spoken only Australians.Correct
Question 2 of 10
True or False? – Australia’s national dictionary is called The Macquarie Dictionary.Correct
Question 3 of 10
True or False? – In 1970, there was already a dictionary which included standard English and the unique words only spoken by Australians.Correct
Question 4 of 10
True or False? – The unique Australian words were found in the Encyclopedic World Dictionary.Correct
Question 5 of 10
True or False? – Kevin Weldon was the publisher of the first Edition of The Macquarie Dictionary in 1981.Correct
Question 6 of 10
True or False? – In the first year of publication, The Macquarie Dictionary sold 50,000 copies.Correct
Question 7 of 10
True or False? – The smallest version of The Macquarie Dictionary is the Compact Macquarie Dictionary.Correct
Question 8 of 10
True or False? – Rob used The Macquarie Thesaurus to help him in his university studies, later in his life.Correct
Question 9 of 10
True or False? – The Macquarie Dictionary is now in it’s 2017th Edition.Correct
Question 10 of 10
True or False? – Rob thinks that The Macquarie Dictionary helps Australians to use Australian English better and also to explain who we are as Australians.Correct
aimed = when you try to reach a goal or a target
as a result = (here) therefore
assist = help
broadcasts = (here) a program or show on the radio or television
budget = (here) a cheaper version or example
career = the time from when you start your job to when you finish your job
certain = (here) particular
company = a group of people working together in business
compared = when you decide if something is better, worse or just different to something else
copies = (here) the number of things that have copied or made
copy = (here) an example of a book or other publication
differences = when two things are not the same, they have differences
distinctly = a feature that belongs to a person or thing or group
documenting = to write something down so others can read it
editor = a person who checks that a book is correct in all aspects, who decides what will be included
entries = the things in a list
established = started
eventually = finally, after a period of time
exist = when something is there to be seen
explain = to tell about something
familiar = when you have seen something before or know about it already
goes back = (here) into the past
hardback = a book with a hard cover
history = what has happened in the past
includes = (here) when things or people are put together
indigenous people = the people who lived in Australia before European settlement (and they still live in Australia today)
migrants = people who go to live in another country, never to return
minor = (here) small
national = when it applies or belongs to the whole country or nation.
not relevant = when something does not apply, is not important, or has no meaning for you
paperback = a book with a soft paper cover
phrases = a few words together
proceed = to go ahead, to continue
project = when you have a job to do which has a start and a finish
providing = giving
publication = the book which is published
published = when a book is copied many times and given or sold to the public
publisher = the person or company who organises to have a book copied many times and sold to the public
range = a lot of different things from which you can choose
recording = (here) to write things down so other can read it
redefined = when you change the meaning of a word or a concept
remained = stayed
removed = taken away
research assistant = a person who helps other people who are doing research, finding things out
resource = something you can use to help you do a job
retired = your career has finished and you do not work in a job anymore
reviewing = to look at something to see if it is correct or to improve it
slang = a word made up by someone and with a special meaning
slightly = a small amount
special = when something is different and important
specialists = people who know a lot about one subject or topic
standard = something common, used by everyone
success = when things are going well, or you reach your goal or target
synonyms = words with the same meaning as another word
thesaurus = a special type of dictionary which gives other words with the same meaning (synonyms)
unique = there are no others like it
updates = the changes you make to improve something
usage = how you use something
variant = an example of something, but with some changes
version = an example of something, but with some changes
well accepted = people liked the product or thing